B Dos and don'ts: preparation

A Types of presentation

Melanie Kray is an expert in giving presentations. Here, she gives some examples of different presentations:

■ press conference: two chief executives tell journalists why their companies have merged.

■ briefing: a senior officer gives information to other officers about a police operation they are about to undertake.

■ demonstration: the head of research and development tells non-technical colleagues about a new machine.

■ product launch: a car company announces a new model.

■ lecture: a university professor communicates information about economics to 300 students.

■ talk: a member of a stamp-collecting club tells other members about 19th century British stamps.

■ seminar: a B Dos and don'ts: preparation financial adviser gives advice about investments to eight people.

■ workshop: a yoga expert tells people how to improve their breathing techniques and gets them to practise.

B Dos and don'ts: preparation

Here are some tips for a stand-up presentation (one person talking to an audience).

aFind outabout the audience: how many people there will be, who they are, why they will be there, and how much they know about the subject.

b Find out about the venue and the facilities: the room, the seating plan, the equipment, etc.

c Plan the content and structure, but don B Dos and don'ts: preparation't write the complete text of the presentation.

d Write notes on sheets of paper, not on cards.

e Try to memorize the first five sentences of your talk.

f Prepare visual aids: pictures, diagrams, etc.

g Rehearse your presentation (practise it so that it becomes very familiar) with friends or colleagues.

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